Volume (7)


Volume (7), Issue (1), April – 2018

Abstract:
When we discuss leadership, we often discuss leadership in terms of leadership for the abled bodies; we ordinarily forget or talk less about people being disabled. In this paper, the authors discuss leadership and the disability issues. In essence, they examine the notion of how and in what ways can leaders do for persons with disabilities and for the leaders with disabilities to enable them to develop.

Keywords:

Leadership, leaders of the disabled, adults with disabilities, support


Volume (7), Issue (2), September – 2018

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to develop the English language skills self-efficacy belief scale for higher education students. For this purpose, the trial form has got 48 items. In the fall semester of the 2017-2018 academic year, the trial form was applied to a total of 305 university students. Explanatory factor analysis was conducted to prove the construct validity of the developed scale. For the factor analysis of the data, it is shown that the data set is suitable for factor analysis as the KMO value is 0,96 and the Barlett test significance value is 0,000. The communality values to select items, factor loadings and item total correlations were examined in item selection. The scale is formed as four factors; reading, writing, speaking and listening, and a total of 29 items. In order to determine the appropriateness of the scale to the students of the same level, the scale was applied to 301 preparatory students in School of Foreign Languages of a university. As a result of confirmatory factor analysis, the sc e of 22 items, the high item total correlations of the items forming the scale factors show the high structural validity of these scale items. In the confirmation study, the Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficients of the scales were 0,82 to 0,91. These values show that the scale provides reliable results, in other words, the scale correctly measures the students’ self-efficacy beliefs in 4 basic language skills.

Keywords:

Educational sciences, self-efficacy, scale development, language skills.